Rice is the most commonly eaten food in Iran. There are two main kinds of rice that have a vast number of varieties in Iranian cuisine: Polow and Chelow. Polow consists of vegetables or meat cooked and mixed with rice that makes delicious and popular dishes such as Loobia Polow (Rice with Green Beans) and Adas Polow (Lentil Rice), whereas Chelow is a plain rice that is steamed and served beside different kinds of kebabs and stews such as Joojeh Kebab, Gheimeh, Ghorme Sabzi andFesenjan.
Adas Plow is a delicious combination of rice layered with lentils and a topping with raisins, ground beef and onions. However, some people prepare the topping without adding the ground beef and serve it as a vegetarian dish.
Rinse rice with cool water, soak in 3-4 cups of water with 2 tablespoons of salt for a couple of hours.
In a pot, bring 2 cups of water to a boil, add ¼ teaspoon salt and simmer lentils on low for 20 - 30 minutes, or until tender. Drain water from lentils and set aside.
In a large non-stick pan, bring 4 cups of water to a boil. Drain rice and pour into the boiling water. Allow the rice to boil for 5-10 minutes until it is ready. Rice should be firm in the center and soft on the outside. Drain and rinse with cool water.
Return the pot to heat. Add a couple of tablespoons of vegetable oil to the pot. Place a layer of rice into the pot, place a layer of cooked lentils, then another layer of rice, continue with all the rice and lentils.
Cover and cook for 10 minutes on high heat until rice is steaming, then lower heat to low and steam the rice for another 30 minutes.
While the rice is steaming, Dice the onion. Heat vegetable oil in a large pan and saute the onions in oil.
Add the ground beef and raisins to onions. Add turmeric, cinnamon and salt for taste. Stir well and fry along until the beef is evenly brown. Set aside.
* In this image you don´t see the raisins, because they have been fried separately.
Dissolve saffron in 3 tablespoons of hot water. Remove the lid from the pot, mix the rice and lentil layers, add saffron and 2 tablespoon vegetable oil on top of the rice. Place the lid and allow the rice to steam 10-15 more minutes.
Serve rice topped with raisins and beef.